Technical Occupations in Architecture, Drafting, Surveying and Mapping

Architectural technologists and technicians provide technical assistance to architects and civil design engineers by conducting research and preparing drawings, architectural models, specifications and contracts and supervising construction projects. Drafting technologists and technicians prepare engineering designs, drawings and related technical information as part of an engineering team, or in support of engineers, architects or industrial designers using computer-aided design and drafting (CAD) and other drafting equipment. Land survey technologists and technicians conduct or participate in field surveys to determine exact locations and positions of natural features and other structures on the earth’s surface, underground or underwater. Mapping and related technologists and technicians gather, analyze, interpret and use geospatial information for applications in natural resources, geology, environment and land use planning. They prepare maps, interpret aerial photographs and operate airborne remote and in-house sensing/interpretive equipment and the Geographic Information System (GIS).


  • High school diploma.
  • Two or three-year college program in architectural technology, geomatics, survey technology, cartography, photogrammetry, aerial survey, remote sensing, geographic information or engineering design and drafting.
  • Some occupations may also require an undergraduate degree or other specialized training.
  • Professional certification may be required, following a period of work experience.